The Pearl of The Black Sea
Trabzon, known as the pearl of the Black Sea, is a breathtaking city with its unique nature. The city, which is famous for its rains in all seasons, is surrounded by thousands of different types of plants. Trabzon reveals the miraculous features of nature. It is a very rich region in terms of valleys, slopes, streams and lakes.
Uzungöl, the leading touristic region of Trabzon, is a highland village with its eye-catching beauties. The neighborhood, which takes its name from the lake on which it was founded, is located at the junction of the Soğanlı and Kaçkar Mountains, where the rainforests of our country are located. This region is also home to the oldest forests in the temperate zone in the world. The formation of Uzungöl occurred thanks to the rocks blocking the way of the Haldizen Stream in the region.
Sümela Monastery is a Greek Orthodox monastery and church complex built on an impossible slope between harsh mountains and rumbling streams, 1150 meters above the sea and 300 meters above the valley. It is on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Tentative List.
The city walls of Trabzon Castle, which was built on a high rock mass between Tabakhane and Zağnos valleys in Ortahisar region, are the oldest structures of Trabzon. The oldest part of today's walls dates back to the 4th century BC Roman Period. The walls are divided into three parts: Upper Fortress, Inner Fortress, Middle Fortress and Lower Fortress. Since the castle resembles a trapezoid in its rough form, it is thought that the name of the city derives from this trapezoidal shape.
Throughout its history, Trabzon has been a famous place for its coppersmith workshops where copper obtained from the rich copper deposits in the Eastern Black Sea region is processed. Products such as pots, pots, pans, copper pots and mugs made of copper, bronze and brass processed in these workshops were sent to Ottoman palaces, Iran and other cities in the Black Sea, and always found buyers. This tradition is still kept alive in the Bakırcılar Bazaar in the center today.